Mastering Number Bonds to 10: 5 Easy Steps for K-1 Students

  • Post published:March 20, 2024
  • Post category:Math / Centers
Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

Number bonds are a foundational math concept that help students as they move forward in math literacy. Particularly for Kindergarten and 1st-grade students, mastering number bonds to 10 is a key milestone.

You know I’m not a math person…but my family is full of math people.

My husband is an engineer. My oldest is a math teacher. My youngest is a Strategy Specialist.

Numbers, numbers, numbers.

I believe in Number Bonds…even if I didn’t call it “Number Bonds.” I was always told to “Pull your tens.” What do I mean? If I have a big list numbers…I add each column…by pulling tens. The example shows: 7+3=10, 5+5=10, so the ones column is 23, carry the 2. The tens has 2+1+3+4=10 then add the 2+2+5=9…19. The answer is 193. Of course, K-1 students aren’t adding columns of numbers…we creating those bonds to 10.

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

I previously talked about Making 5, here’s the next step. In this blog post, we’ll explore the significance of teaching number bonds at the K-1 level and outline 5 easy steps to ensure effective learning.

Number Bonds: Anchor Charts

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

The journey towards mastering number bonds begins with visual aids. Anchor charts serve as powerful tools to introduce and reinforce these foundational concepts.

Teachers can create a vibrant and engaging anchor chart that depicts the relationship between numbers within the number bond…but always remember to include your students in making anchor charts.

Students can help by coloring parts, coloring labels, writing numbers, and writing number sentences.

It is important to show them many ways of creating the bonds.

We should use part-part-whole models, 10 frame models, number sentence models and any other common visual aids (unifix cubes, dominos, dice).

Number Bonds: Whole group practice

Once the foundation is set with anchor charts, it’s time to engage the entire class in whole group practice.

Interactive discussions, games, and activities can be incorporated to make learning enjoyable.

Whole group practice fosters a collaborative learning environment, allowing students to share their thought processes and learn from one another.

This step enhances their understanding of number bonds through peer interaction and collective problem-solving.

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

In the picture, students can use an online spinner (Didex Virtual Manipulatives are my favorite…online and free).

They spin for the “first number” in the bond, then have to provide the “second number in the bond. They can do this as a team, with manipulatives, or orally.

number bonds: hands-on practice

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

Children, especially in the early stages of education, learn best through hands-on experiences.

Introduce manipulatives such as counters, cubes, or even everyday objects to represent numbers and their relationships.

Hands-on practice not only makes learning fun but also provides a tactile dimension to understanding number bonds.

Students can physically manipulate objects to represent the decomposition of numbers, reinforcing the abstract concept in a concrete manner.

Another hands-on manipulation is putting manipulatives in a “self-sealing” bag with a permanent marker drawn down the middle. Students manipulate the objects to create different number bond sentences.

number bonds: interactive notebooks

Interactive notebooks serve as personalized learning tools for students. Introduce interactive notebooks as a hands-on tool for students to explore and reinforce number bonds.

Encourage them to create their own number bond representations in these notebooks.

This step involves cutting, pasting, and drawing, allowing children to actively participate in the learning process.

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

Interactive notebooks provide a tangible record of their progress, serving as a valuable resource for both students and teachers to track individual learning journeys. This interactive approach not only reinforces the concept but also promotes fine motor skills.

number bondS: independent centers

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER

Finally, to solidify their understanding, create independent centers where students can practice number bonds in a fun and engaging way.

These centers can include games, puzzles, and activities that encourage independent exploration.

The autonomy provided in this step allows students to apply what they’ve learned in a self-directed manner, reinforcing their mastery of number bonds.

Using number posters or part-part-whole number posters, students will construct number bonds to solidify proficiency.

Mastering number bonds to 10 in Kindergarten and 1st-grade lays the groundwork for a strong mathematical foundation.

Through a structured approach involving anchor charts, whole group practice, hands-on activities, interactive notebooks, and independent centers, educators can ensure that students not only understand the concept but also develop a love for learning mathematics.

These steps create a comprehensive and engaging learning experience that sets the stage for future mathematical success. As we invest in teaching number bonds, we empower young minds to confidently navigate the world of numbers.

Mastering Number Bonds to 10 Cathy COLLIER
Cathy Collier
Number Bonds COLLIER

If you’d like these resources in your hands today, check out Number Bonds Set on TPT.

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