Writing Lessons are too often planned at the last minute (or not at all) and contain a willy-nilly sequence of lessons. This doesn’t have to be the case.
Taking the time to craft lessons for maximum benefit isn’t hard. It involves consistency and predictability.
As educators, we play a vital role in shaping the foundation of our young learners’ literacy skills. Writing is a crucial aspect of this development, and it’s our responsibility to create engaging and effective lessons that cater to the unique needs of kindergarten and first-grade students.
In this blog post, we’ll delve into five key sections that form the cornerstone of successful writing lessons for young minds: sentence segmentation, penmanship, sentence mechanics, content, and illustrations.
Writing Lessons for Sentence Segmentation
Sentence segmentation is an essential skill that lays the groundwork for coherent writing.
Start with simple, short sentences that are easy for young learners to grasp.
Incorporate activities such as sentence puzzles, where students arrange words in the correct order to form complete sentences.
One of the biggest fears in early writing is not knowing where the sentence ends.
When we allow students to dictate a sentence and then segment each of the words orally before we write students know where the student is going, how many more words we need to write, and when the sentence ends.
One method for sentence segmentation and whole group writing is asking students to count on their fingers what the dictated sentence is.
When the students have the correct number of fingers in the air the teacher can draw their attention to how many words will be in the sentence, starting the first word with a capital, how many spaces will be in the sentence, and when to include the end mark.
Teachers should return to this oral dictation and counting after each word, before writing the next. Using this method allows students to get in the habit of rereading the sentence as they write and develop a sentence fluency.
Sentence segmentation also allows for overlap in the sentence mechanic area as this emphasizes the use of capital letters and punctuation marks. For greater details about Sentence Segmentation activities, check out the blog post: Sentence Segmentation: Step 3 Phonological Awareness Makes Each Word Count! There are also a Sentence Segmentation set in my store.
writing lessons and penmanship
Developing fine motor skills is crucial for young writers.
Implement activities that focus on penmanship, such as tracing dotted lines, forming letters using tactile materials, and engaging in finger painting.
Prior to whole group writing students are asked to practice penmanship with gross motor activities such as whole body play.
Students are asked to stand tall for tall letters, 2 to bend down in a crouching position or wrap their arms around their waist for small letters, and swing and arm like a monkey’s tail four hang down letters.
This is a great warm-up activity for writing. The teacher could ask them to create a vocabulary word using their whole body. This is sure to help students get the wiggles out and get them excited for writing.
However, penmanship can also be practiced and discussed in whole group interactive writing.
Having a very specific language for each letter that details stroke by stroke formation is critical to independence in writing. When in a whole group setting the student practices telling each stroke of the letter before writing the stroke, students are creating a letter formation fluency that does not take brain space away from construction and spelling.
As the teacher uses these strokes with every interactive letter week after week the student internalizes the language and formation is understood. During whole group lessons one student has the pen while the other students are practicing writing that particular letter in the air, on the carpet in front of them, on the desktop with their finger or on their leg.
For further information, check out the blog post: Handwriting Tips: Help Early Writers Soar with Penmanship. I also have penmanship directions and activities in my book, The Road to Independent Reading and Writing.
writing lessons with sentence mechanics
Introduce basic sentence mechanics to instill a sense of structure in young writers. The easiest way to teach sentence mechanics is through the use of the Big 3.
The Big 3 set in my store has materials and lessons ready made for your kindergarten and 1st grade students. The big three consists of capitals at the beginning, spaces between words, and end marks. Each of these three mechanics are practiced in every sentence written.
The first lesson in writing with the big three should be creating an anchor chart using students.
This is typically done week two of school in my kindergarten classroom so that it can be referred to each week throughout the year.
A large number 3 can be drawn to symbolize the Big 3 with the top point on the three signifying capitals, the middle point signifying spaces, and the bottom point signifying periods.
It’s also a corresponding song with motions to help students remember the Big 3 sentence mechanics.
When talking about capitals, students should be asked to make sure beginnings of sentences and beginnings of names are capitalized. They should also be able to understand “crazy capitals” are words within the sentences that should not have capital letters.
For further information, check out the blog post: Kindergarten Writing Rubric: The Big 3 Helps Students Score with Their Writing. There is also a set in my store: Big 3.
Using a combination of sentence segmentation and sentence mechanics students are able to discuss spaces between words. Showing students non-examples, sentences without spaces, can show them the decreased readability in writing.
Finally, end marks are practiced at the end of each sentence. Separate lessons can be crafted to understand the differences between the use of periods, question marks, and exclamation marks. A fun way to practice this is to provide one sentence and ask students to read that sentence with the different end marks.
Look at the bear. This sentence can be directing a student to look at a bear in a book or in a zoo, but there is no confusion or excitement in the sentence.
Look at the bear? This sentence can be read with an inflection indicative of questions. It may be referencing a page full of animals and students are asked to locate the hidden bear on the page. Students might be wondering where the bear is or if you are actually asking them to locate a bear.
Look at the bear! This sentence can be read with an inflection indicative of excitement or action. If a student is reading this sentence with excitement it could be describing how the bear was running, or if the bear was frightening.
A great way to practice and marks is using activities in my Punctuation and Expression Set.
writing lessons and content
Foster creativity and expression by encouraging students to share their thoughts through writing.
Provide prompts that ignite their imagination, allowing them to explore a variety of topics.
Whole group writing lessons may contain topics that are cross- curricular and are relating to a specific skill in science, social studies, or math.
As they progress, guide them in expanding their sentences by adding descriptive words and details. Details might include color, size, or placement.
Celebrate their individuality and unique perspectives, creating a positive atmosphere that values each student’s contribution.
writing lessons and illustrations
Visual aids are powerful tools for young learners. Combine the magic of storytelling with illustrations to enhance their writing experience.
As with early writing, many early writers do not believe they can provide adequate illustrations for their writing. They couldn’t be more wrong.
Walking students through directed drawings consisting of circles, squares, rectangles, and triangles, can show students how easily they can develop illustrations for their writing.
In a “chicken and egg” scenario, many people believe students will write better if they are allowed to illustrate first and some believe students will write greater details if they are required to illustrate second.
Regardless of your belief on illustrating before or after writing, illustrations provide the reader with greater understanding and shows the author has deeper knowledge of the story.
One of my favorite centers to encourage illustrations is a Squiggle Center. This center can create an atmosphere of creativity and a bond with writing.
For full details on this center check out the blog post, SQUIGGLE CENTER. Students are asked to complete an illustration from a provided mark on a page with pencil. After the pencil illustration students are asked to write a story to correspond with the drawing. Finally when the story is complete students are allowed to revisit their illustration with crayons or markers. They are encouraged to make sure there illustrations match their story.
In crafting effective writing lessons for kindergarten and first-grade students, it’s essential to address sentence segmentation, penmanship, sentence mechanics, content, and illustrations.
By incorporating engaging activities and fostering a positive learning environment, we empower our young writers to develop the foundational skills necessary for a lifetime of literacy success. Through patience, creativity, and a commitment to individual growth, we can inspire a love for writing in our students that will last a lifetime.